Original Article|Articles in Press

Factors associated with receiving CF care and use of telehealth in 2020 among persons with Cystic Fibrosis in the United States

Published:December 14, 2022DOI:


      • The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the use of telehealth to deliver the cystic fibrosis (CF) care model.
      • Fewer individuals with CF met recommendations for care in 2020 despite widespread use of telehealth.
      • Use of telehealth did not equate to adherence to all aspects of CF care.
      • Certain demographic, socioeconomic and CF-related disease factors are associated with telehealth use.



      The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in the use of telehealth to deliver the cystic fibrosis (CF) care model, which recommends routine follow-up for monitoring of nutritional status, bacterial culture surveillance, pulmonary function testing, and screening for CF-related complications such as diabetes or osteoporosis.


      The objective of this study was to use Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry (CFFPR) data to quantify the extent to which persons with CF received the recommended components of the care model in 2019 versus 2020. A risk factor analysis was implemented to identify patient characteristics associated with attaining the recommended CF care and use of any telehealth using multivariable logistic regression.


      A total of 28,132 CFFPR participants were included in the study. The proportion of individuals meeting the recommendations for CF care was lower in 2020 for every indicator, and lower in adults compared to children. In adults, demographic, socioeconomic and CF-related disease covariates were significantly associated with both achieving an aggregate level of care and use of telehealth. In the pediatric population, minority race/ethnicity and markers of lower socioeconomic status were associated with a lower odds of telehealth use. In all analyses, having received the recommended level of care in 2019 was associated with a higher odds of both reported telehealth use and achieving the recommended elements of the CF care model in 2020.


      Fewer participants met recommendations for care in 2020 despite widespread use of telehealth, and use of telehealth did not equate to adherence to all aspects of CF care.


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